A Super Computer Which Brings Cloud To Astronauts In Space
It was announced by Hewlett Packard Enterprise that cloud will be made available for the astronauts in space with the help of a supercomputer. On August 27 a space X cargo capsule which is a spaceborne computer is delivered with a piece of equipment. A group of computers which works together will make it into a supercomputer. It is embedded with HPE technology. It contains 32 cores in one ISS which is similar to HPE sells on earth. Fernandez said that it is 30 to 100 times faster when compared to tab or iPhone. The main motive of NASA is that a supercomputer should work better even in harsh environments, radiation, microgravity as well. With all the test being conducted HPE product stood up first.
The connection between earth and space is slow and unreliable at present. There may be a loss of connection sometimes and the communication may last for only a few minutes. The new computer is mainly focused on upgrading the experience which relies on an old model modem. It is very slow and has high latency. The more latency to move data with higher bandwidth so that they won’t be any loss of signal while transferring data down to the earth. And the connection is also more reliable.
In future, there will be a need for the astronauts to send details or data to the earth. With the help of this supercomputer, the communication delay could not last for more than 20 minutes. For the development of future supercomputers, it is to be tested which is at a close distance of 250 miles above the space. It will make the communication fast and reliable in future. The supercomputer is to test only a few months and it will be sent back to earth after a few days of observation.
In last year HPE super mini computer is launched into space has survived almost all the harsh conditions in space and overcame zero gravity as well. The supercomputer is made with inbuilt Red Hat Linux Enterprise with two Hp Apollo Intel x86 servers which are 56 Gbps interconnect. The supercomputer will last for 1 year which is the rough time to reach the mars, so it is tuck inside the CRS-12 rocket. Now it is in space for 340 days. The supercomputer will not help to do any daily tasks for the astronauts or it will not be used for any surfing purpose.
To fit in the space provided a series of benchmark tests like CPU, storage and memory components. The obtained results are then compared with the computer on Earth to see any difference. A continuous check-up is to be made in case of any hardware failure. It has to overcome the risk of things floating inside the space like toothbrush, crumbs etc., There will be more failure which is not permanent like CPU, memory when compared to earth. The supercomputer will be lasting for long what was actually expected, it will surely reach the mars but don’t know whether it will reach earth back.
Finally, astronauts and explorers on the Moon or Mars may want supercomputers to solve problems without waiting for NASA to respond. Computers can also compress data from science experiments on the station and then send it to NASA computers below. internal computer, engineers at HPE developed software that could function as a kind of shield. Because they cannot install radiation detectors inside a computer, they identify the components that are most vulnerable to radiation and set limits for their operating conditions. If the situation gets too hot, for example, whether from radiation or problems with the power supply, the component automatically enters safe protected mode.
Nasa learned 3 things after sending supercomputer to space:
The Apollo 4000 series is called a supercomputer because it can perform 1 trillion calculations per second. The computational power is more when compared with computation power in NASA. The main thing about this test is to see if a standard computer that is available can withstand the misuse of life in space, especially radiation exposure using only software modifications. The full evaluation will be revealed if the computer returns to the earth.
Before reaching the earth it had learned 3 important lessons:
You should never count on the Internet:
Actually, HPE software which is written is made with a thought of continuous Internet access. Non-breakable Internet access is just a myth in space. The modification should be done not only to the supercomputer but also those running in remote locations.
A system can be protected by software:
Due to radiation in space, it is a possibility of damaging key components. Apollo 4000 is used to monitor continuously about the key components. With being operated out of parameters the system will enter into idle mode before doing a health checkup of the system.
Astronauts are not IT pros:
The documentation written by HPE is not for the astronauts, they are to be understood by the IT professionals. In future, the documentation should be written in a more detailed and easy to understood manner.
There will be a lot of research going on to find out why 9 out of 20 drives failed. The drives on earth are generally working normally. It was not enough to know it completely without reaching the earth. After some ample amount of time supercomputer will reach the earth then the research is to be conducted about the harsh weather conditions like radiation, unstable power, subatomic particles. The reasons for it will be known by the microscopic investigation of the parts.