Whenever there is a strong collision of opinions regarding something, that thing is generally considered successful in creating an audible buzz. Such is the case with IoT, which has been surely the most sought-after technology in the recent years and has definitely created a buzz. So much so, while the tech experts do agree upon IoT being the most decisive technology in the future, they are not sure about which field will have the most palpable impact.
Now, a section of the experts claim that commercial sector will reap the maximum benefit of this scenario while the others believe that IoT will be heavily invested in industrial sectors. Whatever be the case, IoT is here to stay. However, such a queer difference of opinion calls for attention. How can two forecasting groups have so drastically separate expected outcomes? Probably, the answer lies in the type of sample explored for this purpose. While the champions of consumer side focuses on smaller consumer groups in large numbers for the relative stability of data, the industrial claimers rely more on cloud’s tendencies and evolving technologies on a large scale.
The very difference in approach may help in pick up a winner. Consumer IoT, in all probability, will outdo industrial applications as the industrial approach relies on shifts and breakthroughs more than simple necessity of accommodation. Privacy and self-regulation, strange as it may seem, will determine how IoT functions in the future.
The early indications
As the smart assistants keep increasing in number, such as Alexa from Amazon, Google Home, and Homepod from Apple, these assistants will play a major role in determining the rush for commercial IoT. Since they are built on relatively stable connectivity like Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and other processors, they will have long-lasting and pervasive impacts. Most importantly, their ability to process natural languages is fairly advanced and hence, the combination of the two will surely fetch a lot of mileage.
The transmitter and the receiver technology being cheap and the Bluetooth range being perfect for a home, they will have easy adoption in every possible house and even the plausible obstructions in a normal home can be charted out and fixed. Wi-Fi will function similarly with added advantage of storing in cloud directly. As for natural language processing or NLP as well as text categorization, the advancements have been remarkable, which not only allows these assistants to follow simple commands but also understand what kind of searching instructions are being given.
So, distinguishing between numerous commands such as changing the channel, turning on/off a light or closing the door is only the first step. The next level would be acoustic distinction where they know which voice to choose, and selecting a particular spatial range for their command too so that the user can have complete control of the device even in presence of others.
The factors of impact
There are certain factors that an IoT device design will bear in mind and they will determine how much impact that device will have in the future. Firstly, the range of the device is a mandatory thing and it depends a lot of connectivity. Hence, the higher the range Wi-Fi can achieve, the more will be the success of IoT. A similar situation is with the issue of power. As long as low power devices like Bluetooth or Wi-Fi are used, IoT is feasible since there is no battery charging involved.
Also, the kind of environment in which the device resides and the range of radio frequency that is prevalent in these spaces determine the device’s utility as these devices cannot be general purpose ones or things may go haywire. These devices, on the other hand, has to be economical when it comes to data. Otherwise, commercially they will never be feasible for everyone and it will fail to hit the mark.
Lastly, and most importantly, IoT needs to rethink its security promise altogether. Since it is after all home IoT is dealing with, any breach in safety and security will put millions of families in danger beyond simple situations of data corruption. The bigger the IoT network gets, the greater is the threat and the greater will be the necessity to authenticate each device before they are operational.