How Often are New Programming Languages Developed?

By Srikanth
5 Min Read
How Often are New Programming Languages Developed? 1

What are Programming Languages?  Formal languages known as programming languages enable programmers to direct computers on how to carry out particular actions and tasks. They make it possible for programmers to interact with computers using commands and syntax that are more comprehensible and closer to human language than machine code. There are many different kinds of programming languages, such as higher-level languages like Python, Java, and JavaScript, and lower-level languages like Assembly, mid-level languages like C and C++. Lower-level languages force programmers to handle numerous details, such as memory allocation and offer very little abstraction from machine code. Although sophisticated, they provide greater control.

More complexity offered by higher-level languages enables programmers to create code more quickly and naturally by removing the need to handle lower-level features. This increases accessibility to software development. Syntax rules, variables, data structures, keywords, and constructs are unique to programming languages. Programmes created in these languages have to conform to the syntax and conventions unique to that language.

Programming languages have increased enormously since the 1950s. More than 850 languages have reportedly been created so far. Languages were created quickly in the early days of computing as programmers attempted to enhance preexisting languages. As a result, a large number of new languages were developed quickly. The creation of new languages has slowed down in recent years. However, developers continue to release new languages on a regular basis in an effort to solve perceived flaws in already-existing languages or take on novel problems. New programming paradigms, the need for increased speed and efficiency, the desire for simpler syntax, and the desire to target specialised fields like artificial intelligence are some of the drivers that are propelling the ongoing development of new languages.

New Languages Today

The present rate of language formation is estimated to be between five and twenty new languages per year. The strongest interest is shown in languages created by big tech corporations, such as Go by Google or Swift by Apple, but open-source and academic languages are also often presented. A lot of newly created languages never catch on. However, some discover a market or goal that eventually results in a rise in adoption. Only occasionally do mainstream languages arise. Even after more than 20 years, languages like Python, Java, JavaScript, and C# continue to be powerful. Did you know that JavaScript and Flash games were written with a programming language? If you’ve wondered if there are Adobe workarounds after 2020, check out this article on how to play Flash games today

Challenges for New Languages

For any new language, reaching a critical mass of users and resources is a significant challenge. It is challenging to overcome the inertia of current languages and their ecosystems. It’s challenging to persuade developers to pick up and use a new, unproven language. When competing with established languages, most new languages fail to attract the attention of developers without support from a big tech business or community.  What are the most popular programming languages?

Here are a few examples of new programming languages that have been developed recently:

Rust Mozilla created Rust, which debuted in 2010. Rust is engineered with concurrency, performance, and safety in mind. Though it comes with more memory safety guarantees, it is comparable to C++. The use of Rust in systems development has expanded.   


Apple created Swift, which was initially made available in 2014. Objective-C has been replaced by Swift as the primary programming language for creating apps for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS. It makes it simpler to develop stable apps by utilising safety features and contemporary programming techniques.   


JetBrains introduced Kotlin in 2011. Although Kotlin has a more succinct syntax, it can integrate with Java code and operate on the Java Virtual Machine. Over the past few years, its popularity on Android has increased. In 2017, Google officially recognised it as an Android language. 

Major tech companies and academic institutions are still actively developing new programming languages today to solve emerging needs and use cases. But widespread adoption takes time.
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