Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance to Pioneer Blockchain and CBDC Exploration

By Srikanth
3 Min Read
Mukesh Ambani's Reliance to Pioneer Blockchain and CBDC Exploration 1

During the company’s Annual General Meeting (AGM), Mukesh Ambani, the chairman of Reliance Industries, unveiled significant plans for the conglomerate’s financial services arm, Jio Financial Services. In addition to its existing offerings, JFS is poised to venture into the realm of blockchain-based products and introduce a digital rupee, according to Ambani.


Ambani emphasized that the upcoming JFS products will set new industry benchmarks and incorporate pioneering features such as blockchain-powered platforms and Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC). This strategic move aligns with the conglomerate’s commitment to upholding rigorous security measures, complying with regulatory norms, and ensuring the utmost protection of customer transaction data.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has pioneered the concept of the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC), known as the e-rupee, which serves as a digital substitute for physical cash. The e-rupee is poised to transform the financial landscape by leveraging the potential of blockchain distributed-ledger technology. By June 2023, the CBDC had garnered a substantial user base, with 1.3 million customers and 0.3 million merchants participating.

In a pivotal move, the RBI initiated experiments on both the wholesale and retail iterations of the e-rupee. This marked a significant step toward adopting blockchain distributed-ledger technology as an alternative to conventional currency. In November 2022, the RBI commenced a pilot for the wholesale segment of the e-rupee, aptly named the Digital Rupee-Wholesale (e₹-W). This pilot aimed to enhance the efficiency of secondary market transactions involving government securities. By facilitating settlement in central bank money, the e₹-W pilot has the potential to significantly reduce transaction costs, preempt the need for settlement guarantee infrastructure, and mitigate settlement risk.

Simultaneously, in December of the same year, the RBI launched the retail segment pilot, Digital Rupee-Retail (e₹-R). These endeavors collectively signify the RBI’s commitment to leveraging blockchain technology to usher in a new era of financial innovation and digital transactions.

Reliance Industries’ foray into blockchain-related products and the digital rupee aligns seamlessly with the broader narrative of technological advancement within the financial realm. As the conglomerate’s Jio Financial Services endeavors to integrate blockchain’s potential and introduce a digital currency, it remains at the forefront of transforming the financial landscape in India.

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