A research firm has predicted that 20 billion things will come under the huge network of IoT by the start of the next decade. Vehicles and homes, work and leisure- every single sphere of human life will be populated by Internet of Things or IoT and it is only going to become more pervasive in the coming years. However, the base on which this empire of IoT is being created or will be created is communication technology, another aspect which is growing in leaps and bounds with advancements of science.
Most importantly, IoT is all about connecting the most populated areas with the most barren lands, the most non-accessible spaces with the most well-connected ones which assumes a certain minimum standard of communication and an amount of homogeneity.
Of course, there is no company in the communications industry that has achieved it and surely, nobody can in the coming years. So, should IoT wait for communications industry to respond or a new form of communication must be devised? The answer is being provided by satellite communications as the satellite service providers are now trying to provide adequate hardware for IoT to function across all spaces.
In fact, they are trying to ensure that hybrid networks are compatible with satellite communications and there is no major mismatch. However, there are impediments in the process and one of the major forces in this regard is the inaccessibility of satellite data even after so many years. Satellite, as it was expected, has not been integrated into daily communications as it should have been. However, things are going to change very soon.
Greater access, better broadcasts
In the next five years, apparently 5.8 million connections will be established between machines through IoT via satellite. As cost-per-bit is reduced drastically with greater access to data and connectivity, satellite industry can become the next big thing in data transmission, not limiting itself to usual media images and expanding itself across horizons. In fact, it may become the largest source of communications in the future given the advancements are happening steadfastly. Currently, only the narrowband ones are dominating the field but things will change quickly.
The Ku-band connections along with the Ka-band will soon become available very soon and the broadband that has been necessary for IoT to truly flourish will arrive as IoT will ride on the superhighway to a new destination altogether. Basically, opening up the question of access to the widest possible crowd is what the new technology will be all about. Electronic antennas and power-saving modems will be the future instead of large dish antennas so that satellite is as simple as a Wi-Fi connection. Of course, the satellite ecosystem will require an overhaul altogether as hybrid solutions can now be incorporated.
The most advanced ones have already started working towards that process and investments are being processed. Antenna technology and material is being remodeled completely so that a new range of small antennas and terminal products become available for usage. They will provide greater mobility and delivery with finest possible wireless backhaul. Broadcasting information will be required in this process as IoT connected devices will rely on satellite technology more and more to disseminate information across the widest possible range of locations.
A necessity for automated cars
Automated car market needs satellite more than ever since they rely a lot on locational data and henceforth, satellite communication. Already, LTE networks are being utilized in the most advanced cars and this only marks the beginning. If the automated cars are to become a reality, hybrid networks must display good connectivity with both terrestrial technologies and satellite communication. Globally, satellite systems will revolutionize the broadcasting methods as multiple points can become simultaneous targets for a particular data, precisely what automated cars need if they are to really become efficient.
So, as long as all the cars of a particular company are operating in the network, satellites can communicate with them in harmony and that may well make it a reality. Car manufacturers will no longer be needed to update their software individually as the upgrade will be broadcasted and happen simultaneously across all such vehicles. Also, in terms of navigation too, broadcasting opens unseen possibilities as multiple cars in a small area can be immediately made aware of a problem. Satellites also offer a much higher form of security, ensuring all sorts of protection from the malicious forces that may want to disrupt the automated vehicle network.
While cellular networks may be enough to operate the vehicles within the city, intercity communication can be made better in case of cars with satellites. Since terrestrial data network works well for immediate controls like brakes and steering, satellite controls may be used for more general information production. So, leaving the driving to Wi-Fi, satellites can tell you all about the future situations.