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To keep our communities and homes free from unwanted clusters, all the densely populated villages and cities require a better waste management system. Every city had a waste management system but the operational standards are quite inefficient and it requires a touch of technology for betterment. Lack of efficient data-driven solutions which are inefficient in logistical and outdated manual collection method is the reason for inefficiency.
Overflowing garbage bins leads to heaps which is the reason for the growth of mosquitoes and flies that causes sickness and flue. If the garbage is not collected regularly, residents usually set the heap on fire. This will release toxic gases which are extremely dangerous to the humans and the environment as well and it may even cause respiratory problems.
A simple use case is in 2013, almost 254 million tons of trash is generated in Us which is equivalent to an average of 4.6 pounds per day. This report is according to the U.S environmental protection agency. With the overflow of the bin which contains harmful and dangerous chemicals in daily based products. An efficient waste management system will increase the productivity of the disposal companies and helps in the betterment of health.
A solution of Overflowing Bins:
The best solution for the waste management system is IoT. Many countries across the globe are adopting this technology and many countries are not even giving it a try. IoT solutions include radio frequency identification(RFID), sensor-enabled waste bins, global positioning system-enabled routing. To make smart cities is possible with the adoption of this technology in waste management.
Many companies are adopting this technology for obtaining the information needed to optimize the services they offer. The waste management industry begins to develop and implement IoT-related solutions to these problems. From trash bins equipped with sensor charging, to data-based management and logistics platforms, the industry is turning to a cleaner and more efficient part of modern life.
Implementing a solution with asset tracking:
Many smart cities are adopting IoT for the smart waste management system. Urbiotica is a smart city solution company which had deployed smart waste management sensors on trash bin in Isreal, Figueres, Barcelona etc., The deployment process is made simple with these trash cans. Container lid contains one wireless autonomous machine-to-machine sensor for measuring the filling level using ultrasonic technology. All the captured information is to be transmitted to urbiotica software platform which can distribute and process the data with route planning optimization.
According to Baltimore Brew around $8.94 million is approved to buy 2,10,000 garbage cans. Many companies like Enevo software solution is offering solutions for waste management. Their products use wireless sensors to generate demand-based routes and provide companies with deposits of all analyzes, estimates and reports that can be accessed using web services.
Uses of IoT in waste management:
1.Sensor Enabled waste bins:
To measure the rate at which the garbage is to be filled smart garbage bins are enabled with wireless sensors. These sensors are used to measure the rate at which the garbage is to be filled and the temperature as well. After that, the location of the bin is to be transferred to the management and all the information is to be monitored by all the civic bodies of the management.
Identification, tracking and storing device information is possible with the help of RFID technology. All the information regarding dry and wet waste is also collected. The server of Municipal Corporation will be able to collect and analyze the status of all smart waste systems and information collected through RFID readers.
3.GPS Enabled Routing:
All the data regarding the filling and temperatures are to be collected and sensors relay the exact location of the bin and other information of the bin. The civic bodies will send the information with the help of SMS to the nearby garbage collectors and the waste is collected before the releasing of any harmful carbons.
Benefits of Using IoT Based Waste Management System:
The various benefits of using IoT based smart waste management system is better utilization of manpower and knowing the exact location and status of the bin. Only bins that need to be emptied is found thus reducing the fleet cost. Manual collection is a very tiring process because the exact state of the trash is unknown in the latter, and also providing analytical information using this process is possible to determine the cost of garbage collection per kilometre, making it easier for civilian agencies to set the same budget.
You may even compare and filter the solution providers and get an overview of the currently deployed case studies for further implementation results. You should have a better understanding of the currently available smart waste management tracking system and their working. For safeguarding and building smart cities this smart waste management system plays a vital role.