Many famous personalities, such as Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates and Elon Musk, have repeatedly said that the further development of artificial intelligence is associated with many potential risks. Exponential growth led to the creation of extremely advanced algorithms much earlier than anticipated. At the same time, technology is penetrating deeper into our lives, starting to be responsible for the stable operation of many applications and even the physical infrastructure. This article will examine the main global threats associated with AI and where we should draw the line.
What does the term
artificial intelligence generalize?
usually means systems that can think and act reasonably. These include many
applications, such as Google’s search algorithms and mechanisms for autonomous
movement of crewless vehicles. Although most modern models are used for the
benefit of humanity, any powerful tool can be used to harm, especially if it
falls into the wrong hands.
Today, developers have
achieved the interaction of several systems of artificial intelligence with
each other. Still, so far this applies only to narrow tasks, such as face
recognition, natural language processing, or Internet search. Ultimately,
experts in this field plan to move to a fully autonomous AI, the algorithms of
which can cope with any intellectual tasks performed by people, and, most
likely, surpassing us in solving any of them.
The use of AI is
particularly visible in online gambling, where the options are unlimited. Many
prominent casinos are already using AI-powered slot machines to diminish the
possibilities of cheating and introduce a fair gaming trend. However, at the
same time, they can present a threat that includes the falsification or
compromising of personal information. Considering that
most online casinos find shelter in European countries, the servers that are
very heavily centralized in countries like Malta, the UK or Gibraltar are
usually the most targeted. Therefore, smaller online platforms have decided to
somehow distance themselves from this phenomenon by joining forces or compiling
their resources. This can be seen with the most recent acquisition of SoftSwiss
by the Red Tiger games and integration of all of its subsequent brands such as
Playamo and Spinia. In fact, additional measures were taken in order to protect
codes 2020 specifically as it is predicted to be the largest project
the company has undertaken to date. In general,
such codes can easily become a subject of various attacks, and in this case,
artificial intelligence could be extremely dangerous.
In one of his comments,
Elon Musk noted the incredibly fast pace of AI development in the broad sense
of the term. According to him, those who do not have contact with leading
developers of machine learning systems and neural networks do not even imagine
that progress indicators in this area are close to exponential growth.
Therefore, in the next 5-10 years, it is very likely that something hazardous
intelligence-related applications make our daily lives more comfortable and
efficient. It is they who play a decisive role in ensuring the security that
worries Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates, and others when they talk about
doubts about the development of technology. For example, if the AI is
responsible for ensuring the operation of the power system, and we lose control
over it, or the enemy breaks it, then this can lead to enormous damage.
Major threats related
to artificial intelligence
While humankind has not
yet created machines superior to us, it is necessary to pay attention in
advance to complex and large-scale legal, political, social, financial and
regulatory issues to ensure our safety in advance. However, artificial
intelligence, even in its current form, can be a potential danger.
One of the most
dangerous threats is independent weapons systems that are programmed to kill
and pose a real risk to life. Most likely, the nuclear arms race will be
replaced by global rivalry in the development of autonomous military systems. Russian President Vladimir Putin said that artificial intelligence was not only the future of
Russia but the future of all mankind. There are tremendous opportunities and
threats that are difficult to predict today. Anyone who becomes a leader in
this field will be the ruler of the world.
In addition to the
threat that advanced weapons will receive their own intelligence, much more
concern is the possibility of controlling autonomous military systems by an
individual or a government that does not care about people’s lives. After the
deployment of such weapons, it will be complicated to fight and defuse it.
Using its standalone
algorithms, social media works very effectively in the field of targeted
marketing. They know who we are, what we like, and incredibly well understand
what we think. Researchers are still investigating attempts to use the data of
50 million Facebook users in order to influence the results of the 2016 US presidential election and the UK referendum on its withdrawal from the EU. If
the allegations are true, then this illustrates the enormous potential of using
AI for social manipulation.
By spreading propaganda
targeted at specific people identified in advance using algorithms and personal
data, artificial intelligence will be able to control their moods and
communicate information in any format that is most convincing for them.
It goes without question
that artificial intelligence altered the life we know today significantly. In
some fields of life, they are beneficial, and it isn’t very easy to do without
them. But if they continue to evolve at a rapid pace, in future, they might
become too dangerous.