Difference Between Linux and Windows Operating Systems

By Srikanth
7 Min Read
Difference Between Linux and Windows Operating Systems 1

At the heart of desktop computers, there are special systems that help them work smoothly. Two big names in this world are Linux and Windows. Even if both work on computers, Linux and Windows are not the same. They are built differently and they are easier or harder to use, more or less secure, and other things. In this article called ‘Difference Between Linux and Windows Operating Systems,’ we will check out why they two are not the same.


Linux Operating System

Linus Torvalds developed Linux in 1991. It is a free and open-source system, sort of like a computer club where everyone can change or add programs to make it do even cooler stuff. This makes it a friendly and flexible operating system where everyone can contribute. Linux works in a special way called a “monolithic kernel.” It stands out because it comes in different versions like Ubuntu and Fedora.

Even though Linux keeps things safe, some people might find it a bit hard to use, especially if they are just starting with it. The use of a monolithic kernel, where the kernel and user services run in the same address space, contributes to this perception. Linux works great because of how it is made, but it might be a bit tricky if you are not used to telling it what to do. If you like things super easy, it could be a bit hard to get used to.

Linux is like a big club where anyone can change it to do what they want. That is why it is the biggest open-source computer software. People like using it because it can work on lots of different things, keep stuff safe and do many things at the same time. However, Linux faces drawbacks such as inability to run most Windows programs, limited support from many Internet service providers and a perceived steep learning curve. The difficulty varies depending on the chosen distribution.

Windows Operating System

Developed by Microsoft in 1985, Windows has become a widely used operating system, dominating the desktop landscape. Unlike Linux, Windows is not open-source. It comes in both free and licensed versions. Windows works in a special way called a “microkernel.” It stands out because it has a screen that’s easy for everyone to use, even if you don’t know much about programming. Lots of people and businesses like using Windows because it works well for personal use and for doing business.

Windows has many helpful things like Control Panel, File Explorer, Internet Browser, Disk Cleanup, and a screen that’s easy to use. But because Windows is kind of like a secret club, it has some not-so-great things too. Many advanced features are available only in the paid/licensed version and the overall security is perceived to be lower compared to Linux.

Differences Between Linux and Windows

Definition and Development

Linus Torvalds developed Linux and it is a free computer system. Windows, made by Microsoft, is also developed for computers, but you have to pay for it.


Linux is open-source and free, allowing users to access and modify its source code without any cost. In contrast, Windows is a paid operating system and its source code is not open for user modification.

Ease of Use

Linux requires users to have some familiarity with commands and hence it is slightly challenging for newcomers. Windows is made to be easy for everyone to use, especially if you are not into technical stuff. It has a simple screen that makes things straightforward.

Kernel Type

Linux operates on a monolithic kernel, where the kernel and user services run in the same address space. In contrast, Windows uses a microkernel, separating the kernel space and user space for enhanced efficiency.


Linux is really good at keeping things safe. It is known for being more secure than Windows. Windows, while widely used, is perceived to be less secure.

Case Sensitivity

Linux is highly case-sensitive, distinguishing between uppercase and lowercase letters in file names. Windows does not care if you use big or small letters in file names. It is not picky about that.


Linux tends to have less frequent updates compared to Windows, contributing to a more stable and consistent user experience.

File System

Linux uses a tree structure and considers everything as a file. In contrast, Windows employs directories (C, D, E) and folders to organize and store files.


Linux is generally faster in terms of performance compared to Windows, contributing to quicker response times and smoother operations.

Command Line

In Linux, there is a thing called the Terminal, which is like a super tool for people who know a lot about computers. It helps them do special tasks using commands. Windows, although equipped with a Command Prompt, is perceived to be less effective than Linux’s Terminal.


Linux installations may involve a more complicated setup process, but they tend to be quicker. Windows installations, while straightforward, can take longer to complete.


Both Linux and Windows operating systems serve essential roles in desktop computing. Each has its own distinct attributes. Linux, equipped with open-source principles and robust security, appeals to those desiring customization. However, its perceived complexity may be slightly tricky for newcomers. In contrast, Windows, developed by Microsoft, prioritizes a user-friendly interface and broad accessibility. While Linux excels in security and operates on a monolithic kernel, Windows emphasizes simplicity with a microkernel. Both systems offer unique features and the choice hinges on personal preference, technical expertise and specific computing requirements. As technology evolves, the two continue to advance, providing users with an evolving array of features. Whether opting for Linux’s security or Windows’ user-friendliness, users are encouraged to choose based on their distinct needs and preferences. This article titled ‘Difference Between Linux and Windows Operating Systems’ has covered some important information in brief.

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